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Establishment and substantiation of proposed maximum permissible discharges into water bodies and centralised wastewater disposal system

In accordance with Federal Law No 7-FZ “On environmental protection” dated 10/01/2002, a maximum permissible discharge is a permitted discharge of pollutants with wastewater into bodies (measured as weight or mass of a chemical or a combination of chemicals, microorganisms and other substances, or as an activity rate of radioactive substances) from stationary sources.

The maximum permissible discharges (MPD) are set by businesses themselves based on the acceptable levels of anthropogenic stress on the environment, the quality requirements to environmental components, and process-related standards.

Environmental discharges of chemicals, radioactive and other substances, and microorganisms within the established MPDs are allowed on the basis of permits issued by environmental supervisory authorities.

Federal Law No 74-FZ “The Russian Water Code” dated 03/06/2006 dictates that discharges into water bodies require a permit to use the water body.

Also, Federal Law No 416-FZ “On water supply and wastewater disposal” dated 07/12/2011 and Decree No 230 “On categories of users whose facilities are subject to MPDs” dictate that an MPD substantiation document should be developed and approved for the users of centralised wastewater disposal systems that discharge over 200 m3 per day into one system.

The objectives of the MPD-related activities are:

  • Establish MPD levels;
  • Develop economically and technically feasible measures to ensure that the impact on water bodies is permissible and that concentrations of pollutants is reduced to within standards (where necessary);
  • Procure a permit for environmental discharges and a permit to use a water body.

Specific activities by SHANECO include:

  • Stock-taking of sources of pollutants and water bodies receiving wastewater;
  • Estimation of wastewater discharge levels;
  • Calculation of water consumption and discharge levels (where necessary);
  • Estimation and substantiation of maximum permissible discharges of pollutants and microorganisms contained in wastewater;
  • Development of activities to reduce discharges of pollutants to achieve MPD levels and procurement of an approval from state authorities (where necessary);
  • Approval of the proposed MPDs by state authorities;
  • Procurement of a water body utilisation permit;
  • Procurement of a permit for discharges.
Below is the list of major projects for which SHANECO performed EIA studies:
Project: Year:
MPD substantiation, Chorus Capital 2006
MPD substantiation, Construction Systems, Moscow region 2006
MPD substantiation, Belorechenskoye deposit, Ust-Luga Company, Leningrad region 2009
MPD substantiation, IKEA Yesipovo warehousing complex, Moscow region 2011
MPD substantiation for storm water, MEGA Belaya Dacha, Moscow region 2014
MPD substantiation for Gazpromneft-MNPZ as a user of centralised water systems of Mosvodokanal, Moscow 2015